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Directory Description
/ Root   directory of the file system.
/bin/    User utilities fundamental to both single-user and multi-user environments.
/boot/    Programs and configuration files used during operating system bootstrap.
/boot/defaults/    Default bootstrapping configuration files; see loader.conf(5).
/dev/    Device nodes; see intro(4).
/etc/    System configuration files and scripts.
/etc/defaults/    Default system configuration files; see rc(8).
/etc/mail/    Configuration files for mail transport agents such as sendmail(8).
/etc/namedb/    named configuration files; see named(8).
/etc/periodic/    Scripts that are run daily, weekly, and monthly, via cron(8); see periodic(8).
/etc/ppp/    ppp configuration files; see ppp(8).
/mnt/    Empty directory commonly used by system administrators as a temporary mount point.
/proc/    Process file system; see procfs(5), mount_procfs(8).
/root/    Home directory for the root account.
/sbin/    System programs and administration utilities fundamental to both single-user and multi-user environments.
/stand/    Programs used in a standalone environment.
/tmp/    Temporary files, usually a mfs(8) memory-based file system (the contents of /tmp are usually NOT preserved across a system reboot).
/usr/    The majority of user utilities and applications.
/usr/bin/    Common utilities, programming tools, and applications.
/usr/include/    Standard C include files.
/usr/lib/   Archive libraries.
/usr/libdata/    Miscellaneous utility data files.
/usr/libexec/    System daemons & system utilities (executed by other programs).
/usr/local/    Local executables, libraries, etc. Also used as the default destination for the FreeBSD ports framework. Within /usr/local, the general layout sketched out by hier(7) for /usr should be used. Exceptions are the man directory, which is directly under /usr/local rather than under /usr/local/share, and the ports documentation is in share/doc/port.
/usr/obj/    Architecture-specific target tree produced by building the /usr/src tree.
/usr/ports The FreeBSD ports collection (optional).
/usr/sbin/    System daemons & system utilities (executed by users).
/usr/share/    Architecture-independent files.
/usr/src/    BSD and/or local source files.
/usr/X11R6/    X11R6 distribution executables, libraries, etc (optional).
/var/    Multi-purpose log, temporary, transient, and spool files.
/var/log/    Miscellaneous system log files.
/var/mail/    User mailbox files.
/var/spool/    Miscellaneous printer and mail system spooling directories.
/var/tmp/    Temporary files that are kept between system reboots.
/var/yp    NIS maps.

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