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cvsup
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1.cvs tags
RELENG_5_1:the release branch for FreeBSD-5.1, used only for security advisories and other seriously critical fixes.
RELENG_5_0:the release branch for FreeBSD-5.0, used only for security advisories and other seriously critical fixes.
RELENG_4:the line of development for FreeBSD-4.X, also known as FreeBSD-STABLE.
RELENG_4_9:
the release branch for FreeBSD-4.9, used only for security advisories and other seriously critical fixes.
RELENG_4_8:the release branch for FreeBSD-4.8, used only for security advisories and other seriously critical fixes.

2.update security patch
(1)vi stable-supfile(預先安裝cvsup-withiut-gui)
(2)修改*default release=cvs tag=RELENG_4為*default release=cvs tag=RELENG_4_8(*default release=cvs tag=RELENG_5_0)
(3)cvsup -g -L 2 stable-supfile
(4)cd /usr/src/
(5)cat UPDATING,查看更新內容
(6)make world kernel(約莫三小時,視機器配備)
(7)reboot
(8)uname -rs ,查看系統資訊,確定有將patch補上。

3.Freebsd 5.2之後,需依下列步驟:
make buildworld
make buildkernel KERNCONF=xxxx
make installkernel KERNCONF=xxxx
reboot
make installworld
mergemaster
reboot
註:5.3 之後,在 reboot 之後,需進入單人模式 boot -s ;接著,執行 mergemaster -p 檢查帳號與群組(5.3之後,將 pf 內建),之後才做  make installworld 與 merhemaster 。

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